What Is Attrition Rate? Meaning, Types, and Benefits

What Is the Attrition Rate? 

When employees leave a company without being replaced, there is a slow but intentional decrease in the number of employees called attrition rate.

It is a term frequently used by human resources (HR) experts to describe the reduction in the number of employees at a company. In this instance, downsizing involves employees who choose to retire or resign on their own initiative without being replaced by the business.


  • A company’s workforce shrinks through attrition when employees depart and are not replaced.
  • Attrition, also referred to as a hiring freeze, is seen to be a less disruptive method of reducing the staff and payroll than layoffs.
  • A client base’s decline can also be referred to as attrition, frequently as a result of consumers leaving and fewer people choosing to become new customers.
  • Layoffs, which happen when a corporation lets workers go without replacing them, are distinct from attrition caused by voluntarily leaving employees.
  • When employees leave their positions, either freely or involuntarily, in a short period of time, they are replaced with fresh talent.

Understanding Attrition

The deliberate reduction of a company’s staff is referred to as employee attrition. Employee resignations or retirements result in downsizing. A hiring freeze is what is referred to as this kind of personnel reduction. It is one method for a business to cut labor expenditures without experiencing the disruption of layoffs.

There are several factors that contribute to employee churn.

They consist of:

  • Unsatisfactory perks and/or pay
  • not enough opportunities
  • bad working conditions
  • bad work-life balance
  • Disease and death
  • Retirement \sRelocation

Types of Attrition

Voluntary Attrition

Employees who voluntarily quit an organization are said to be experiencing voluntary attrition. It’s possible that troubles at the organization are the cause of employees quitting on their own. Or it can imply that people are leaving for personal reasons unrelated to the company.

For instance, some workers freely quit their jobs when they find new ones elsewhere. They might be relocating, which would make the commute untenable. They might need a different kind of job because they’ve opted to explore a different career.

Employee retirement might also result in voluntary attrition. This process is also known as natural attrition. Employee retirement shouldn’t be a source of worry for management until a business suffers an extraordinarily high percentage of early retirements.

Involuntary Attrition

When a company fires employees, it causes involuntary attrition. This may occur as a result of a worker’s subpar or disruptive performance. An employee’s wrongdoing could be a factor in their dismissal.

Employers might have to eliminate a position. Or, they may need to fire staff members because of the uncertain economic climate.

Internal Attrition

Internal attrition describes the transition from one section or department to another. The worker won’t be quitting the organization. Simply speaking, they are moving within it.

Internal attrition, for instance, may happen when a worker is promoted to a different management position. They might also shift laterally to a different area if a position there is more fit.

Internal attrition may indicate that there are good chances for career advancement at a corporation. On the other hand, a department may be having issues if it has a high internal attrition rate. If necessary, the company should look into them and take action.

Recommended Read: ATS Friendly Resume

Demographic-Related Attrition

Demographic-related attrition occurs when individuals belonging to particular demographic groupings abruptly and quickly leave an organization. These can be women, people of color, veterans, senior workers, or those with impairments.

An exodus of this kind may indicate that there has been harassment or discrimination towards the staff. This should worry all businesses since it can sabotage a productive work atmosphere and smooth corporate operations.

To determine what led to such departures, swift action must be taken. Reducing demographic-related attrition is essential since every organization should prioritize inclusion. Additionally, a business can stop the exodus of highly valuable and promising employees. Diversity education is beneficial.

Click Here For More Blogs 

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button