Find out more about how to prevent and treat your cavities | Tooth
Cavities are the most well-known oral issue on the planet.Caused by bacteria, it is important to react as soon as possible, as soon as the first symptoms appear . They can be treated by your dentist, although the ideal is to identify them before they appear, planning at least an annual review with your dentist. Untreated depressions can have devastating ramifications for dental wellbeing and can be incredibly agonizing.
Is it conceivable to forestall depressions by any normal strategy? depressions can have devastating ramifications for dental (tooth)wellbeing and can be incredibly agonizing.
Only your dentist can treat a cavity using the different methods detailed below, depending on the stage of the cavity. The sooner you intervene, the less invasive the treatment will be.
How are cavities treated at the dentist?
Depending on the stage of the caries, different treatments can be applied. As always, it’s best to treat cavities as early as possible, when they’re shallower, to limit the amount of care (and cost) needed. The early stages of enamel damage (before a cavity forms) are reversible by brushing twice daily with a fluoride toothpaste. Fluoride helps the enamel to remineralize. The different treatments that can be applied to caries are detailed below:
- Traditional treatment: in the first two stages of decay and when the damage is irreversible, the dentist’s goal is to keep the tooth alive and preserve the pulp. If the decay affects only the enamel or dentin, the dentist can make a dental filling, a technique used to fill the cavity of the tooth caused by decay. Dental fillings can be made with a “dental cement” compound that has the advantage of being the same color as the teeth, or with an amalgam, a gray-colored filling usually composed of mercury mixed with other powdered metals.
Root Canal Treatment
- Root canal treatment: if the pulp is affected, the dentist must treat the caries by devitalizing the tooth, since the pulp is irrecoverable. Therefore, a root canal treatment is necessary, which consists of removing all impurities from the tooth and filling the root canal. This treatment requires several sessions and avoids the need for extraction.
- Treatment in the crown of the tooth: If the tooth is badly damaged in the crown, it must be restored with a prosthesis. It consists of a metal alloy covered with ceramic or a full ceramic crown. It somewhat or totally covers the tooth to safeguard it.When the tooth devitalized, it is more fragile and needs to protected by a prosthesis.
- Extraction: it is the definitive solution to treat a cavity when no other treatment is possible. Thanks to modern anesthetics and pain relief, this procedure is no longer painful. And the loss of a tooth, unfortunate as it may be, is usually compensated with the solutions provided by prostheses and implants.
Caries: 5 symptoms to identify them
Dental caires: what are they?
A depression is damage to the tooth achieved by microorganisms in the mouth.It is the most common oral problem in the world: it estimated that almost 100% of the population has affected by cavities during their lives.
Did you know that your mouth is home to a very complex community of microorganisms?
Hundreds of different types of bacteria live in your mouth, saliva, and even on surfaces like your tongue or cheek. You experience this community of bacteria as a rough coating that forms on your teeth called plaque. It surveyed that there are around 50 – 100 trillion microorganisms in each mouth.
Microorganisms found in the mouth regularly live as one with you and with one another.Specialists examine the meaning of having a nice congruity among incredible and horrible microorganisms.
Good bacteria have the function of keeping our mouth healthy; instead, bad bacteria cause problems such as cavities, swollen and bleeding gums, and bad breath.
The balance of bacteria in the mouth can skewed in the direction of bad bacteria due to poor tooth brushing habits or lifestyle, such as smoking, a sugary diet, or even some medications that reduce saliva levels in the mouth. .
Tooth rot happens when there is a development of plaque. On the outer layer of the tooth. Bacteria found naturally in dental plaque convert sugars from leftover food into acids. These acids attack tooth enamel.
The first signs of a cavity can only detected by a dentist and appear as an area with demineralized or worn enamel. If left untreated, decay can progress further into a hole in the enamel that can reach the dentin layer below. Then it can reach the pulp of the tooth causing pain and can destroy the tooth.
How to recognize a cavity in each of its 4 stages?
Caries generally evolves in 4 stages:
- Stage 1 caries – enamel damage lesion. This stage of decay is painless and usually not very visible: dentists can detect it in a checkup by identifying a black dot on the tooth.
- Stage 2 caries: dentin damage. The tooth becomes sensitive: contact with cold, hot, sweet or sour food causes pain. A caries visible to the eye appears on the crown of the tooth. The dentin affected and demineralized. Being less hard than enamel , it allows caries to evolve more quickly.
- Stage 3 caries: attack on the pulp (pulpitis). Bacteria invade the dental pulp. The situation becomes worrisome: toothache or toothache, which causes sharp pain that can spread to the area of the face that covers the affected tooth.
- Stage 4: growth of bacteria. The bacteria grow into the tissues surrounding the tooth (ligament, bone, and gum). Even though the pain may go away, the abscess or cyst is still there. And will require treatment with antibiotics and emergency surgery by the dentist .
A small hole in the tooth can lead to a big problem in the tooth and. In the mouth if not taken care of!
The 5 symptoms of dental (tooth)caries: what are they?
During the initial phase of tooth decay, we don’t usually see warning signs. As it progresses, the prime signs of cavities begin to appear:
- Tooth sensitivity, including sensitivity to cold, hot, sweet, or acidic foods
- Formation of small holes in the teeth
- Toothache or toothache, especially when chewing
- White, brown, or dark spots on the outer layer of the tooth
- Persistent bad breath or unusual taste in the mouth: This symptom is less common and. Usually appears in the later stages of tooth decay.
How to fight cavities and how to fight plaque?
Fighting plaque is essential to limit the number of bacteria. It is possible thanks to:
- A correct brushing is the first weapon to combat cavities, with the use of a mouthwash and dental floss. Since plaque begins to form 4 to 12 hours after brushing, it is important to brush twice a day.
- Brush with a fluorinated toothpaste that contains antibacterial active ingredients, such as Fluocaril 145mg. This prevents plaque growth and protects the enamel against cavities.
- Oral hygiene performed by your dentist, when brushing has not prevented the formation of tartar.
- A decent eating routine, keeping away from sweet food sources or beverages, and restricting snacks between feasts.
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