Gastroenterologists have a specialty that focuses upon the overall health and function of the digestive tract. The gastrointestinal tract is responsible for digestion of food items, the absorption of nutrients, and elimination of metabolic waste from the body.
Gastroenterologist diagnose and treat the issues of digestive system.
They are experts who concentrate on:
- The normal or physiological function of digestive organs
- The motility or movement of food particles through the digestive tract.
- The breakdown or digestion of food
- In the absorption process, nutrients are absorbed.
- The elimination of metabolic waste from the body
Every normal activity and disorder that affect the digestive organs are addressed by a gastroenterologist. They provide care to the patients who are in an outpatient hospital or clinic.
What Do They Treat?
Gastroenterologists specialize in specific regions within their GI system. It includes the stomach, the small and large intestine, gallbladder, liver and pancreas. This is in some ways similar to the services provided by general practitioners, Ear Nose & Throat surgeons as well as upper GI surgeons and colon surgeons.
The following are the most common illnesses and symptoms that are treated by a gastroenterologist
- Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
- Gastro-Oeosphageal Acid reflux
- Pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas)
- Inflammatory intestinal disease
- Polyps found in the large intestinal tract
- Gastrointestinal cancer
- Resfluxesophagitis (caused by gastroesophageal diseases)
- Cramping, bloody stool gastric bloating
What Do Gastroenterologists Do?
A gastroenterologist could carry out a variety of procedures to identify digestive diseases. But they aren’t surgical.
Treatment typically involves the use of long-term or short-term drugs
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If there is a need of surgery, gastroenterologists can refer patients to a gastrointestinal surgeon.
One of the main procedures endoscopy performed by a gastroenterologist. It is the process of using thin flexible tubes fitted with an integrated video camera. Which further can be introduce into the digestive tract.
This allows the doctor to see how the intestinal tract functions inside the bowel and efficiently diagnose intestinal issues.
To identify the presence of a digestive disorder there are a variety of non-surgical methods:
- Colonoscopies (to detect colon cancer/colon polyps) for colon cancer treatment
- Gastroscopies (to find gastric, oesophageal and small intestinal diseases)
- Liver biopsies (to evaluate the severity of liver inflammation as well as fibrosis)
- Endoscopic ultrasounds (to evaluate the digestive tract) including Esophagastroduodenoscopy egd.
- Sigmoidoscopies (to evaluate blood loss/bowel pain)
- Capsule endoscopies (to inspect the small intestinal tract)
When to See a Gastroenterologist
A gastroenterologist may be consulted for digestive issues. The most common symptoms are persistent abdominal pain regions. Gas, diarrhea and bloating are other digestive problems that require the attention of gastroenterologists.
A mild symptom like stomach upset, nausea, and so on. could also be a sign of a bigger issue. For instance, stomach upset could be a sign of malnutrition disorders like celiac disorder as well as lactose intolerance.
You can avoid any future harm of the digestive tract by identifying these conditions by recognizing these disorders. Certain patients might also notice severe symptoms, such as blood in their stool. It is recommended to see the gastroenterologist in case of any symptoms that are new to digestive problems.
The experience and training of a gastroenterologist are extremely adept at diagnosing and treating a broad variety of digestive disorders. As medical professionals and proceduralists they are able to finish the diagnostic procedure and often begin a successful treatment program.
So, you can trust gastroenterologist to provide the full and exact treatment of digestive issues.